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Irrational Judgments

Irrational Judgments Author : Kirsten Swenson
Release : 2015-11-26
Publisher : Yale University Press
ISBN : 0300211562
File Size : 71.41 MB
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An intimate study of the friendship and creative dialogue between two artists, offering an in-depth understanding of their work and the upheavals of 1960s New York

Irrationality

Irrationality Author : Alfred R. Mele
Release : 1992-09-24
Publisher : Oxford University Press
ISBN : 9780195359879
File Size : 63.90 MB
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Although much human action serves as proof that irrational behavior is remarkably common, certain forms of irrationality--most notably, incontinent action and self-deception--pose such difficult theoretical problems that philosophers have rejected them as logically or psychologically impossible. Here, Mele shows that, and how, incontinent action and self-deception are indeed possible. Drawing upon recent experimental work in the psychology of action and inference, he advances naturalized explanations of akratic action and self-deception while resolving the paradoxes around which the philosophical literature revolves. In addition, he defends an account of self-control, argues that "strict" akratic action is an insurmountable obstacle for traditional belief-desire models of action-explanation, and explains how a considerably modified model accommodates action of this sort.

Morality and Emotion

Morality and Emotion Author : Sara Graça Da Silva
Release : 2016-04-14
Publisher : Routledge
ISBN : 1317308867
File Size : 41.28 MB
Format : PDF
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Despite the many attempts to disentangle the relationship between morality and emotion, as is clear from the myriad of approaches that try to understand the nature and importance of their connection, the extent of this synergy remains rather controversial. The multidisciplinary framework of the present volume was specifically designed to challenge self-containing disciplinary views, encouraging a more integrative analysis that covers various methodological angles and theoretical perspectives. Contributions include discussions on the interrelation between moral philosophy, emotion and identity, namely the clash between grand ethical theories and the practicality of human life; philosophical considerations on akrasia or the so called weakness of will, and the factors behind it; anthropological reflections on empathy and prosocial behavior; accounts from artificial intelligence and evolutionary game theory; and literary and artistic dissections of emotional responses to the representational power of fiction and the image. The inclusion of chapters from varied scientific backgrounds substantially enriches this debate and shows that several core questions, such as the ones related to identity and to the way we perceive the other and ourselves, are transversal. It is therefore valuable and pressing to further explore these common threads, and to encourage disciplinary dialogues across both traditional and emerging fields to help shed new light on the puzzling and fascinating ways in which morality and emotion are mutually imbricated.

Information Privacy Law

Information Privacy Law Author : Daniel J. Solove
Release : 2014-12-08
Publisher : Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
ISBN : 1454860995
File Size : 45.44 MB
Format : PDF
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A clear, comprehensive, and cutting-edge introduction to the field of information privacy law. Features: Extensive coverage of FTC privacy enforcement, HIPAA and HHS enforcement, standing in privacy lawsuits, among other topics. Four new chapters, including chapters devoted exclusively to data security, national security, employment privacy, and education privacy. The latest cases including those involving Hulu, Apple, Google, Snapchat, and others.New section on government surveillance and freedom to explore ideas. Extensive coverage of NSA, the Snowden revelations, and the ensuing litigation. Statutes and regulations now covered through compact summaries of the statutes/regulations with exposition interspersed with notes and questions or cases. This approach makes complicated laws like HIPAA and FCRA more engaging and easier to teach.

The Emotions

The Emotions Author : O.H Green
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN : 940112552X
File Size : 54.28 MB
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Philosophical theories of emotions, and to an extent some theories of scientific psychology, represent attempts to capture the essence of emotions basically as they are conceived in common sense psychology. Although there are problems, the success of explanations of our behavior in terms of believes, desires and emotions creates a presumption that, at some level of abstraction, they reflect important elements in our psychological nature. It is incumbent on a theory of emotions to provide an account of two salient facts about emotions as conceived in common sense psychology. As intentional states, emotions have representational and rational properties: emotions represent states of affairs; and they are rationally related to other mental representations, figure in rational explanations of behavior, and are open to rational assessment. Emotions also have a close relationship to a range of non-intentional phenomena: in typical cases, emotions involve physiological changes, usually associated with the activation of the autonomic nervous system, which are proprioceptively experienced; and they often involve behavioral tendencies, as well.

Relativism Refuted

Relativism Refuted Author : H. Siegel
Release : 2013-06-29
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN : 9401577463
File Size : 61.34 MB
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Rationality Redeemed?

Rationality Redeemed? Author : Harvey Siegel
Release : 1997
Publisher : Psychology Press
ISBN : 9780415917650
File Size : 48.92 MB
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In Educating Reason, Harvey Siegel presented the case regarding rationality and critical thinking as fundamental education ideals. In Rationality Redeemed?, a collection of essays written since that time, he develops this view, responds to major criticisms raised against it, and engages those critics in dialogue. In developing his ideas and responding to critics, Siegel addresses main currents in contemporary thought, including feminism, postmodernism and multiculturalism.

Love Story

Love Story Author : D. A. Fletcher
Release : 2015-07-28
Publisher : Lulu.com
ISBN : 1312273569
File Size : 79.36 MB
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Being a Christian does not mean never having to say you're sorry - that's ridiculous. In fact, we American Christians may have so much to apologize for before we can begin to mount an apologetic, we seem to have lost our voice with the lost and all credibility for the Gospel. In each our own individual act of idolatry, we have each chosen our own Jesus to match our beliefs, rather than choosing our beliefs to match Jesus. We have recreated God in our own image and we have lost our way. Love Story isolates on some large, vitally important ways that we have drifted from our faith, making it much more American than Godly - we have become idolators of individualism, freedom, democracy, capitalism and even idolators of America itself. We have little understanding of suffering, little to say about the meaning of life, and we've missed entirely the spectacular nature of the universe and life. We have much to unlearn before we can dare to speak of our faith.

Naturalism and Normativity

Naturalism and Normativity Author : Mario De Caro
Release : 2010-08-11
Publisher : Columbia University Press
ISBN : 0231508875
File Size : 25.65 MB
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Normativity concerns what we ought to think or do and the evaluations we make. For example, we say that we ought to think consistently, we ought to keep our promises, or that Mozart is a better composer than Salieri. Yet what philosophical moral can we draw from the apparent absence of normativity in the scientific image of the world? For scientific naturalists, the moral is that the normative must be reduced to the nonnormative, while for nonnaturalists, the moral is that there must be a transcendent realm of norms. Naturalism and Normativity engages with both sides of this debate. Essays explore philosophical options for understanding normativity in the space between scientific naturalism and Platonic supernaturalism. They articulate a liberal conception of philosophy that is neither reducible to the sciences nor completely independent of them yet one that maintains the right to call itself naturalism. Contributors think in new ways about the relations among the scientific worldview, our experience of norms and values, and our movements in the space of reason. Detailed discussions include the relationship between philosophy and science, physicalism and ontological pluralism, the realm of the ordinary, objectivity and subjectivity, truth and justification, and the liberal naturalisms of Donald Davidson, John Dewey, John McDowell, and Ludwig Wittgenstein.

Trading Options in Turbulent Markets

Trading Options in Turbulent Markets Author : Larry Shover
Release : 2012-11-30
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
ISBN : 1118416635
File Size : 34.41 MB
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Top options expert Larry Shover returns to discuss how to interpret, and profit from, market volatility Trading Options in Turbulent Markets, Second Edition skillfully explains the intricacies of options volatility and shows you how to use options to cope, and profit from, market turbulence. Throughout this new edition, options expert Larry Shover reveals how to use historical volatility to predict future volatility for a security and addresses how you can utilize that knowledge to make better trading decisions. Along the way, he also defines the so-called Greeks—delta, vega, theta, and gamma—and explains what drives their values and their relationship to historic and implied volatility. Shover then provides effective strategies for trading options contracts in uncertain times, addressing the decision-making process and how to trade objectively in the face of unpredictable and irrational market moves. Includes a new chapter of the VIX, more advanced material on volatility suitable for institutional or intermediate options trader, and additional volatility-based strategies Answers complex questions such as: How does a trader know when to tolerate risk and How does a successful trader respond to adversity? Provides a different perspective on a variety of options strategies, including covered calls, naked and married puts, collars, straddles, vertical spreads, calendar spreads, butterflies, condors, and more As volatility becomes a greater focus of traders and investors, Trading Options in Turbulent Markets, Second Edition will become an important resource for in-depth insights, practical advice, and profitable strategies.

Embodied Minds in Action

Embodied Minds in Action Author : Robert Hanna
Release : 2009-01-08
Publisher : OUP Oxford
ISBN : 0191552178
File Size : 38.82 MB
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In Embodied Minds in Action, Robert Hanna and Michelle Maiese work out a unified treatment of three fundamental philosophical problems: the mind-body problem, the problem of mental causation, and the problem of action. This unified treatment rests on two basic claims. The first is that conscious, intentional minds like ours are essentially embodied. This entails that our minds are necessarily spread throughout our living, organismic bodies and belong to their complete neurobiological constitution. So minds like ours are necessarily alive. The second claim is that essentially embodied minds are self-organizing thermodynamic systems. This entails that our mental lives consist in the possibility and actuality of moving our own living organismic bodies through space and time, by means of our conscious desires. The upshot is that we are essentially minded animals who help to create the natural world through our own agency. This doctrine—the Essential Embodiment Theory—is a truly radical idea which subverts the traditionally opposed and seemingly exhaustive categories of Dualism and Materialism, and offers a new paradigm for contemporary mainstream research in the philosophy of mind and cognitive neuroscience.

Conceptual Art

Conceptual Art Author : Alexander Alberro
Release : 1999
Publisher : MIT Press
ISBN : 9780262511179
File Size : 55.28 MB
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"Compared to other avant-garde movements that emerged in the 1960s, conceptual art has received relatively little serious attention by art historians and critics of the past twenty-five years - in part because of the difficult, intellectual nature of the art." "This anthology collects for the first time the key historical documents that helped give definition and purpose to the movement. It also contains more recent memoirs by participants, as well as critical histories of the period by some of today's leading artists and art historians. A good portion of the exchange between artists, critics, and theorists took place in difficult-to-find limited-edition catalogs, small journals, and private correspondence. These influential documents are gathered here for the first time, along with a number of previously unpublished essays and interviews."--Contracubierta.

Structured Settlements and Periodic Payment Judgments

Structured Settlements and Periodic Payment Judgments Author : Daniel W. Hindert
Release : 2020-04-28
Publisher : Law Journal Press
ISBN : 9781588520371
File Size : 55.13 MB
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Structured Settlements and Periodic Payment Judgments is a complete reference work for attorneys, settlement planners, and insurance and annuity brokers.

Career Mechanics I

Career Mechanics I Author : Thomas W. Morris (III.)
Release : 2006
Publisher : Morris Associates, Inc.
ISBN : 9781884298745
File Size : 45.5 MB
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Repression, Integrity and Practical Reasoning

Repression, Integrity and Practical Reasoning Author : G. Jaeger
Release : 2012-06-19
Publisher : Springer
ISBN : 1137017864
File Size : 47.13 MB
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Repression receives little attention in philosophical literature. This study of cases of repression that inhibit an agent's deliberative access to his reasons argues that an agent cannot correctly deliberate about a reason to overcome repression as if he did so, he would already have overcome repression and so would have no reason to do so.

Rethinking the Good

Rethinking the Good Author : Larry S. Temkin
Release : 2012-01-20
Publisher : Oxford University Press
ISBN : 0190208651
File Size : 41.35 MB
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In choosing between moral alternatives -- choosing between various forms of ethical action -- we typically make calculations of the following kind: A is better than B; B is better than C; therefore A is better than C. These inferences use the principle of transitivity and are fundamental to many forms of practical and theoretical theorizing, not just in moral and ethical theory but in economics. Indeed they are so common as to be almost invisible. What Larry Temkin's book shows is that, shockingly, if we want to continue making plausible judgments, we cannot continue to make these assumptions. Temkin shows that we are committed to various moral ideals that are, surprisingly, fundamentally incompatible with the idea that "better than" can be transitive. His book develops many examples where value judgments that we accept and find attractive, are incompatible with transitivity. While this might seem to leave two options -- reject transitivity, or reject some of our normative commitments in order to keep it -- Temkin is neutral on which path to follow, only making the case that a choice is necessary, and that the cost either way will be high. Temkin's book is a very original and deeply unsettling work of skeptical philosophy that mounts an important new challenge to contemporary ethics.

Competence and Vulnerability in Biomedical Research

Competence and Vulnerability in Biomedical Research Author : Philip Bielby
Release : 2008-09-16
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN : 1402086040
File Size : 22.92 MB
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Enhanced knowledge of the nature and causes of mental disorder have led increasingly to a need for the recruitment of ‘cognitively vulnerable’ participants in biomedical research. These individuals often fall into the ‘grey area’ between obvious decisional competence and obvious decisional incompetence and, as a result, may not be recognised as having the legal capacity to make such decisions themselves. At the core of the ethical debate surrounding the participation of cognitively vulnerable individuals in research is when, if at all, we should judge them decisionally and legally competent to consent to or refuse research participation on their own behalf and when they should be judged incompetent in this respect. In this book, the author develops a novel justificatory framework for making judgments of decisional competence to consent to biomedical research with reference to five groups of cognitively vulnerable individuals - older children and adolescents, adults with intellectual disabilities, adults with depression, adults with schizophrenia and adults with dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease. Using this framework, the author argues that we can make morally defensible judgments about the competence or incompetence of a potential participant to give contemporaneous consent to research by having regard to whether a judgment of competence would be more harmful to the ‘generic rights’ of the potential participant than a judgment of incompetence. The argument is also used to justify an account of supported decision-making in research, and applied to evaluate the extent to which this approach is evident in existing ethical guidelines and legal provisions. The book will be of interest to bioethicists as well as psychiatrists and academic medical lawyers interested in normative questions raised by the concepts of competence and capacity.

Oxford Studies in Metaethics : Volume II

Oxford Studies in Metaethics : Volume II Author : Russ Shafer-Landau
Release : 2007-04-19
Publisher : Clarendon Press
ISBN : 9780199218073
File Size : 80.62 MB
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Oxford Studies in Metaethics is the only periodical publication devoted exclusively to original philosophical work on the foundations of ethics. It provides an annual selection of much of the best new scholarship in the field. Its broad purview includes work at the intersections of ethical theory with metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of language, and philosophy of mind. OSME provides an excellent basis for understanding recent developments in the field; those who would like to acquaint themselves with the current state of play in metaethics would do well to start here.

Behavioral Finance

Behavioral Finance Author : H. Kent Baker
Release : 2010-10-01
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
ISBN : 9780470769683
File Size : 42.81 MB
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A definitive guide to the growing field of behavioral finance This reliable resource provides a comprehensive view of behavioral finance and its psychological foundations, as well as its applications to finance. Comprising contributed chapters written by distinguished authors from some of the most influential firms and universities in the world, Behavioral Finance provides a synthesis of the most essential elements of this discipline, including psychological concepts and behavioral biases, the behavioral aspects of asset pricing, asset allocation, and market prices, as well as investor behavior, corporate managerial behavior, and social influences. Uses a structured approach to put behavioral finance in perspective Relies on recent research findings to provide guidance through the maze of theories and concepts Discusses the impact of sub-optimal financial decisions on the efficiency of capital markets, personal wealth, and the performance of corporations Behavioral finance has quickly become part of mainstream finance. If you need to gain a better understanding of this topic, look no further than this book.