Understanding the physics of heavy quarks gives physicists the unique opportunity to test the predictions of Quantum Chromodynamics and the Standard Model. First published in 2000, this introductory text on this exciting area of high-energy physics begins with a review of the standard model, followed by the basics of heavy quark spin-flavor symmetry and how it can be applied to the classification of states, decays and fragmentation. Heavy quark effective theory is then developed and applied to the study of hadron masses, form factors, and inclusive decay rates. The authors also discuss the application of chiral perturbation theory to heavy hadrons. Written by two world leading experts, the presentation is clear and original, with problems provided at the end of each chapter. This lucid volume provides graduate students with an ideal introduction to the physics of heavy quarks, and more experienced researchers with an authoritative reference to the subject.
This volume covers the main topics in heavy flavour physics in a comprehensive yet accessible way. The material is presented as a combination of extensive introductory lectures and more typical contributions. This book will benefit postgraduate students and reseachers alike.
B-factories at SLAC and KEK started producing high quality results in 2001, while preparations for B physics at the LHC continue. Heavy Flavour Physics: Theory and Experimental Results in Heavy Quark Physics provides an introduction to and overview of recent developments in theory and experiments relevant to the physics of heavy flavors, particularly that of the b quark. It reviews the field thoroughly from both experimental and theoretical perspectives. The book includes important background material on the standard model, CP violation, lattice quantum chromodynamics, and Kaon decay experiments. Chapters are written by international experts and the whole book has been carefully edited to provide a coherent account of the field. The level is suitable for junior postdoctoral researchers and postgraduate students in particle physics.
This up-to-date review also serves as an introduction to Heavy Quark Effective Theory (HQET) - a new approach to heavy quark physics problems in Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). The book also contains a detailed discussion of the methods of calculation used in HQET, along with numerous illustrations.
Most of the progress made in particle physics during the last two decades has to led to the formulation of the so called ?Standard Model? of elementary particles and its quantitative experimental test. The book deals with this progress but includes chapters which provide the necessary background material to modern particle physics.Particle physics forms an essential part of physics curriculum. This is a textbook but will also be useful for people working in this field and for nuclear physicists, particularly those who work on topics concerning interface between nuclear and particle physics. The book is designed for a semester course for senior undergraduates and a semester course for graduate students. Formal quantum field theory is not used; a knowledge of non-relativistic quantum mechanics is required for some parts of the book; but for the remaining parts the familiarity with the Dirac equation is essential. However, some of these topics are included in the appendix.
This conference provided a comprehensive overview of the areas where fixed target experiments made significant contributions so that experimenters could see what work was left to be done. Since experiments at colliders contribute strongly in many of these areas, the participation of collider experimenters was welcomed and this edition of the conference contains many contributions from the collider community. In order to try to cover the huge amount of physics included in studies of heavy quarks, many of the contributions are review types, including both theoretical and experimental overviews in seven different areas: CP violation and mixing; heavy ions; production dynamics and structure functions; hadronic decays; semileptonic and leptonic decays; spectroscopy; and rare and forbidden decays. This volume is divided into these seven areas of interest.
This volume is a collection of review articles on the most outstanding topics in heavy flavour physics. All the authors have made significant contributions to this field. The book reviews in detail the theoretical structure of heavy flavour physics within the Standard Model and its confrontation with existing experimental data. The physics of the top quark and of the Higgs play an important role in this volume. Beginning with radiative electroweak corrections and their impressive tests at LEP and hadron colliders, the book summarizes the present status of quark mixing, CP violation and rare decays. The dynamics of exclusive D- and B-meson decays, the τ-lepton physics and the newly discovered heavy quark symmetries are discussed in detail. The impact of strong interactions on weak decays is clearly visible in many articles. The physics of heavy flavours at LEP, HERA and hadron colliders constitutes an important part of the book. Another significant topic is the possible role of heavy flavours in the spontaneous symmetry breaking of gauge symmetries. Finally the most recent advances in lattice calculations of the properties of heavy flavours and the lattice studies of the dynamics of heavy flavours are presented. Contents:Electroweak Radiative Corrections, Mz, Mw and the Heavy Top (W Hollik)A Top Quark Story: Quark Mixing, CP Violation and Rare Decays in the Standard Model (A J Buras & M K Harlander)Rare Decays and CP Violation Beyond the Standard Model (S Bertolini)Heavy Quark Symmetry (N Isgur & M B Wise)Exclusive Weak Decays of B-Mesons (M Neubert et al.)Charmed Meson Decays (S Stone)Tau Physics (A Pich)Heavy Quark Physics from Lattice QCD (C T Sachrajda)Heavy Flavours in High Energy Electron-Positron Collisions (J H K?hn & P M Zerwas)Heavy Quark Production (P Nason)Top Quark Condensates and the Symmetry Breaking of the Electroweak Interactions (W A Bardeen & C T Hill)What is Special about a Very Heavy Top Quark? (M Lindner)Yukawa Models on the Lattice (A K De & J Jersák) Readership: Elementary particle physicists. Reviews: “Heavy Flavours is an excellent compilation of work on heavy flavor physics by investigators who have made major contributions to the field … Other outstanding contributions include a detailed treatment of the mass prediction and the anticipated phenomenology of the top quark and an introduction to the heavy quark effective field theory recently pioneered by Isgur and Wise and its application to the physics of bottom quark systems. For the most part, the material covered in this book has not yet been incorporated into textbooks. Moreover, the authors clearly have intended their chapters to serve a pedagogical purpose. As a result, this volume will meet the needs of graduate students in particle physics as well as more senior particle theorists and experimentalists who wish to keep abreast of the most recent advances in heavy flavor physics.” Science
This volume is a collection of review articles on the most outstanding topics in heavy flavour physics. All the authors have made significant contributions to this field. The book reviews in detail the theoretical structure of heavy flavour physics and confronts the Standard Model and some of its extensions with existing experimental data.This new edition covers new trends and ideas and includes the latest experimental information. Compared to the previous edition interesting new activities are included and some of the key contributions are updated. Particular attention is paid to the discovery of the top quark and the determination of its mass.
The book constitutes a compact review of the applications of effective field theory methods in flavour physics, with emphasis on heavy quark physics. Some of the relevant applications are discussed to illustrate the method. It covers the full range of theoretical tools related to the application of the effective field theory idea: Starting from the weak interactions as an effective theory derived from the standard model, well-established methods such as heavy quark effective theory, the heavy quark mass expansion and chiral perturbation theory are addressed. Also more recent ideas such as QCD factorization and soft collinear effective theory are outlined. Finally the standard model itself is viewed as an effective theory, allowing a model-independent look at the results of the new physics. The book should be useful for the advanced graduate student as well as for scientists who are interested in the theoretical toolkit used in the context of flavour physics. It is not meant as a complete review of the subject, rather it should be useful as an introduction to the basic ideas.
The lectures collected in this book present a comprehensive review of the current knowledge of heavy-quark physics, from the points of view of both theory and experiment. Heavy Flavour Physics has accomplished enormous progress during the last few years: the last heavy quark has been discovered and the quality of the collected data on the other relatively lighter quarks has dramatically improved. On the theory side, noticeable progress has been reported on new calculations of decay rates based on various techniques, such as QCD sum rules, heavy-quark mass expansion and lattice QCD. The theory of heavy quark production is constantly improving and awaiting new results. Nevertheless there are strong reasons to believe that the Standard Model of High Energy Physics is incomplete. It exhibits very peculiar patterns for which it offers no explanation. The basic constituents of matter are arranged into three seemingly identical generations or families of quarks and leptons, differing merely in their masses. The pattern in the fermion masses, why they are families and why there are three of them is not yet understood. Furthermore it is known that at least within the standard model there is an intimate connection between the replication of families and the gateway of CP violation, in addition, the latter phenomenon is a crucial ingredient in explaining why our universe is made up almost exclusively of matter rather than being more or less matter-antimatter symmetric. How and to what extent can Heavy Flavour Physics impact on these questions? Does it offer novel windows onto New Physics beyond the Standard Model in general and onto new symmetries, such as Supersymmetry in particular? These questions constitute the central theme of this book. The material treated in this publication may serve as reference for the segment of the high-energy community actively engaged in heavy-quark physics.