Nearly 50 years after his death, this unique volume is the first to bring together a wealth of writings by Einstein on the topic of race. Although his activism in this area is less well known than his efforts on behalf of international peace and scientific cooperation, Einstein spoke out vigorously against racism both in the United States and around the world.
Albert Einstein, world-renowned as a physicist, was also publicly committed to radical political views. Despite the vast literature on Einstein, Einstein and Twentieth- Century Politics is the first comprehensive study of his politics, covering his opinions and campaigns on pacifism, Zionism, control of nuclear weapons, world government, freedom, and racial equality. Most studies look at Einstein in isolation but here he is viewed alongside a 'liberal international' of global intellectuals, including Gandhi, Albert Schweitzer, Bertrand Russell, H.G. Wells, George Bernard Shaw, Romain Rolland, Thomas Mann, and John Dewey. Frequently called upon to join campaigns on great issues of war, peace, and social values, they all knew or corresponded with Einstein. This volume examines how Einstein and comparable intellectuals sought to exert a 'salutary influence', as Einstein put it in a letter to Freud. Close attention is given to the unique qualities Einstein brought to his interventions in political debate. His influence derived in the first instance from his celebrity status as the scientist of genius whose theory of relativity was both incomprehensible to most and seemingly relevant to many aspects of aspects of culture and the cosmos. Einstein's complex and enigmatic personality, which combined intense devotion to privacy and a capacity to perform on the public stage, also contributed to the Einstein myth. Studying Einstein's politics, it is argued here, takes us not only into the mind of Einstein but to the heart of the great public issues of the twentieth century.
The world knows Albert Einstein as a cuddly and rebellious humanitarian who advocated peace and good relations among all humanity. That carefully crafted image is false. The truth is much darker and can be found in his statements and actions which contradict this cartoon character persona. The real man was a hateful bigot. Though Einstein famously stated that separation "is a disease of white people" he hated Jews who integrated into White society. Einstein passionately believed that the Jewish race should preserve itself and rigidly segregate from all other races. Long before Adolf Hitler came to power, Einstein demanded that Jews isolate themselves from Gentile society, not serve in the German government and form their own student societies. He discouraged mixed marriages and chastised Jews who converted to Christianity as traitors to the tribe. Opposed to this cry for Jewish segregation and the formation of a Jewish State Einstein insisted that all non-Jewish nations surrender their sovereignty and rights of self-determination to a global government. He stated, "I am against nationalism but for the Jewish cause." He bore a lifelong hatred of Germans that grew into a genocidal desire to exterminate all Europeans. Einstein said, "I get most joy from the emergence of the Jewish state in Palestine. It does seem to me that our kinfolk really are more sympathetic (at least less brutal) than these horrid Europeans. Perhaps things can only improve if only the Chinese are left, who refer to all Europeans with the collective noun ''bandits.''" Einstein advocated a European Union and asserted that the Chinese were a superior race to Europeans and were destined to replace Europeans, whom he hated. But his racist hatreds soon spread to the Chinese when he encountered them in person during his travels to raise money for the Zionist cause. The travel diaries he wrote are littered with xenophobic and supremacist views of the Chinese and Jews. Among them, Albert Einstein stated, "It would be a pity if these Chinese supplant all other races. For the likes of us the mere thought is unspeakably dreary." He also wrote, "I noticed how little difference there is between men and women; I don''t understand what kind of fatal attraction Chinese women possess that enthralls the corresponding men to such an extent that they are incapable of defending themselves against the formidable blessing of offspring." Einstein encouraged anti-Semitism and believed it was justified and beneficial to Jews because it helped to segregate Jews from non-Jews. He said, "Why don''t we just let the Goy keep his anti-Semitism, while we preserve our love for the likes of us?" He also wrote, "Anti-Semitism will be a psychological phenomenon as long as Jews come in contact with non-Jews--what harm can there be in that? Perhaps it is due to anti-Semitism that we survive as a race: at least that is what I believe." Statues honoring men of the Confederacy are being removed from public places in the name of combating racism. Politicians are changing the names of streets to increase "diversity". There are cries to dishonor the founding fathers of America due to their participation in slavery. It is illegal to honor Adolf Hitler in Germany. But where is the outrage at Albert Einstein for his racism? Will the over-the-top promotion of the Einstein brand ever end? Will his likeness be removed from all public displays as the distasteful and offensive celebration of a vicious racist? Will librarians pull the hagiographic biographies of Albert Einstein from their shelves, so that children are not misled into idolizing the horrible hater? Will the moniker "genocidal racist" be attached to every pronouncement of his name? Will corporations shun his image? Will it become taboo to use Einstein''s face or name in any and all advertising? Will people cease to call the theory of relativity, "Einstein''s theory"? Or will hypocrisy prevail?
DIVERSITY IN ORGANIZATIONS is a comprehensive, research-based text designed to meet the needs of the diversity course. This text will provide a solid perspective on the various aspects of organizational diversity including why diversity is important for businesses, managing a diverse workforce, and legislation related to diversity. Also the text conducts in-depth explorations of key racial /ethnic groups and includes prescriptions on how to become a diversity-friendly employer, engage non-traditional workers, and how dominant group members can effect organizational change.
The first publication of Albert Einstein’s travel diary to the Far East and Middle East In the fall of 1922, Albert Einstein, along with his then-wife, Elsa Einstein, embarked on a five-and-a-half-month voyage to the Far East and Middle East, regions that the renowned physicist had never visited before. Einstein's lengthy itinerary consisted of stops in Hong Kong and Singapore, two brief stays in China, a six-week whirlwind lecture tour of Japan, a twelve-day tour of Palestine, and a three-week visit to Spain. This handsome edition makes available, for the first time, the complete journal that Einstein kept on this momentous journey. The telegraphic-style diary entries--quirky, succinct, and at times irreverent—record Einstein's musings on science, philosophy, art, and politics, as well as his immediate impressions and broader thoughts on such events as his inaugural lecture at the future site of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, a garden party hosted by the Japanese Empress, an audience with the King of Spain, and meetings with other prominent colleagues and statesmen. Entries also contain passages that reveal Einstein's stereotyping of members of various nations and raise questions about his attitudes on race. This beautiful edition features stunning facsimiles of the diary's pages, accompanied by an English translation, an extensive historical introduction, numerous illustrations, and annotations. Supplementary materials include letters, postcards, speeches, and articles, a map of the voyage, a chronology, a bibliography, and an index. Einstein would go on to keep a journal for all succeeding trips abroad, and this first volume of his travel diaries offers an initial, intimate glimpse into a brilliant mind encountering the great, wide world.
By the author of the acclaimed bestsellers Benjamin Franklin and Steve Jobs, this is the definitive biography of Albert Einstein. How did his mind work? What made him a genius? Isaacson’s biography shows how his scientific imagination sprang from the rebellious nature of his personality. His fascinating story is a testament to the connection between creativity and freedom. Based on newly released personal letters of Einstein, this book explores how an imaginative, impertinent patent clerk—a struggling father in a difficult marriage who couldn’t get a teaching job or a doctorate—became the mind reader of the creator of the cosmos, the locksmith of the mysteries of the atom, and the universe. His success came from questioning conventional wisdom and marveling at mysteries that struck others as mundane. This led him to embrace a morality and politics based on respect for free minds, free spirits, and free individuals. These traits are just as vital for this new century of globalization, in which our success will depend on our creativity, as they were for the beginning of the last century, when Einstein helped usher in the modern age.
This special issue of Science and Context examines the entire area of scientific inquiry surrounding Einstein, presenting controversies and debates within their contexts.
CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.
In a book that is both an engaging portrait of a genius and a distillation of scientific thought, Folsing sheds light on Einstein's development and the complexity of his being. of photos.
This landmark work explores the vibrant world of football from the 1920s through the 1950s, a period in which the game became deeply embedded in American life. Though millions experienced the thrills of college and professional football firsthand during these years, many more encountered the game through their daily newspapers or the weekly Saturday Evening Post, on radio broadcasts, and in the newsreels and feature films shown at their local movie theaters. Asking what football meant to these millions who followed it either casually or passionately, Michael Oriard reconstructs a media-created world of football and explores its deep entanglements with a modernizing American society. Football, claims Oriard, served as an agent of "Americanization" for immigrant groups but resisted attempts at true integration and racial equality, while anxieties over the domestication and affluence of middle-class American life helped pave the way for the sport's rise in popularity during the Cold War. Underlying these threads is the story of how the print and broadcast media, in ways specific to each medium, were powerful forces in constructing the football culture we know today.
Popular images of Albert Einstein often depict him as either an almost superhuman solitary genius or as a countercultural rebel. In this unique perspective on Einstein the man, sociologist of science Gerhard Sonnert argues that both popular images are simplistic and misleading because they fail to account for the impact of culture. In this scholarly yet accessible book, Sonnert examines major features of German Kultur, showing how powerful cultural influences helped to shape Einstein's life and science. Starting with a review of the evidence supporting Einstein's rebel image, Sonnert confronts it with counterevidence that suggests his traditionalist side. The apparent contradiction is resolved through an extensive study of the cultural landscape of nineteenth-century Germany. Sonnert takes a close look at the German concept of Kultur, laying special emphasis on the related ideas of Weltanschauung and Weltbild, two German terms representing particular types of worldviews. Einstein and Culture demonstrates how strongly Einstein's physical research program was driven by a pivotal cultural goal: the quest for the synthesis of a scientific worldview (Weltbild). His was the rebellion of the idealistic radical in the name of Kultur against its perceived failings and shortcomings. Sonnert also shows that Einstein's quest was deeply motivated by a broadly defined religious impulse. Here again, the physicist reveals himself to be a true creature of Kultur, epitomizing the German scientist-priest. In conclusion, Sonnert argues that the mass exodus during the Nazi regime of German scientists and intellectuals, including Einstein, marked a demise of Kultur. However, this cataclysm also resulted in a fertile synthesis between the German Kultur-inspired science and the quite different American scientific tradition. Einstein and Culture is a fascinating, insightful, and original study of a neglected aspect of Einstein's life and work.
A revealing look at the iconic scientist overturns a series of myths about Einstein while using previously unpublished interviews and photographs to illuminate a side to the "genius" seldom seen.