Northumbria is home to the loneliest stretches of moorland and coast in the country. The region has much to offer the nature lover, walking enthusiast, history buff, gastronome and gardener: rare wildlife, Georgian architecture, the Pennine hills, Hadrian's Wall, Alnwick Gardens and Alnwick Castle, featured in the Harry Potter films. Gemma Hall shares her love of Northumberland, Durham and Tyneside, guiding visitors through historic towns, cities and villages; across the Cheviot Hills and along Northumberland's Heritage Coast; to outdoor swimming spots, high altitude flower meadows and the wooded gorges of the Durham coast.
The emphasis now placed on the concept of sediment cells as boundaries for coastal defence groups, and the development of SMPs, should help CPAs realise the importance of natural processes at the coast when designing defence and protection schemes. However, this will only be the case where defence groups exist, and where CPAs take up the challenge of developing SMPs. Coastal landscapes have been produced by the natural forces of wind, waves and tides, and many are nationally or internationally important for their habitats and natural features. Past practices at the coast, such as the construction of harbours, jetties and traditional defence systems may have contributed to the deterioration of the coast. English Nature (1992) have argued that if practices and methods of coastal defence are allowed to continue, then coastlines would be faced with worsening consequences, including: The loss of mudflats and the birds which live on them Damage to geological Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) and scenic heritage by erosion, due to the stabilisation of the coast elsewhere Cutting of sediment supplies to beaches resulting in the loss of coastal wildlife Cessation through isolation from coastal processes, of the natural operation of spits, with serious deterioration of rare plants, animals and geomorphological and scenic qualities (English Nature, 1992) A number of designations, provided by national and international legislation do exist to aid conservation.
Understanding the relationship between landslides and climate change is crucially important in planning a proactive approach to hazard and risk management. Advances in geohazard modelling and prediction enable us to be better prepared for the impacts of climate change, but there is still a need for effective risk management and informed plann
Since the opening of the first permanent railway in 1833, hundreds of railroad companies have operated in North Carolina. Rail transportation, faster and more efficient than other methods of the era, opened new markets for the products of North Carolina’s farms, factories, and mines. Over the years, North Carolina rail companies have ranged in size from well-engineered giants like the Southern Railway to temporary logging railroads like the Hemlock. Cross ties and rails were laid across almost every conceivable terrain: tidal marshes, sand hills, rolling piedmont, and mountain grades. Vulnerable to the turbulent and unregulated economies of the day, few railroad companies escaped reorganizations and receiverships during their corporate lives, often leaving tangled and contradictory histories in their passing.
Since prehistoric times mankind has had a fascination with death and ghosts. Whether we regard them as just tales others tell or encounter them ourselves, they cannot easily be dismissed. The folk of Hartlepool are a practical lot – best known for their pragmatic hanging of a monkey as a Napoleonic spy. But with its rich history, ghosts abound and the earliest dates from the Saxon era; but it has found company over the centuries! While up in the former colliery communities in East Durham there are, among the rich lore of spectral sightings, many tales attached to a Geordie King Arthur and his Knights and the hope that they will one day lead an industrial renaissance. So read on and discover the supernatural goings-on from the North-east.
Day Trips® from Raleigh-Durham is packed with hundreds of exciting things for locals and vacationers to do, see, and discover not far from Raleigh-Durham. The Triangle region's population totals over 1.7 million people, and this book invites them to: * Do something prehistoric: Examine fossilized bones, teeth, and shells on display at the Aurora Fossil Museum or dig for your own fossils in a special area outside. * Do something flowery: Celebrate one of the state's most prolific plants at Wilmington's North Carolina Azalea Festival, featuring big-name music stars, a full-fledged circus, and garden tours. * Do something patriotic: Wander through the artifacts and photographic exhibits at the 82nd Airborne Division War Memorial Museum to learn about this famed unit's history. * Do something kid-approved: Have fun with go-karts, arcade games, water slides, and a giant wave pool at Jungle Rapids Family Fun Park.
First published in 1912, this two-volume work on bird migration throughout the British Isles includes maps, weather charts and photographs.
The wrekening (the first book of the Ancient Mirrors tales) is an epic fantasy adventure focusing on friendships, loyalties and the ultimate power that lies inside every human.
This volume is the result of an initiative of the Commission on the Coastal Environment of the International Geographical Union. The initial concept from which the plan has proceeded was presented at the 24th International Geographical Congress in Japan in 1980. AUTHORSHIP AND COVERAGE All of the articles in this volume have been written by specialists familiar with the coastal segment discussed. Nearly all have been prepared by citizens of the country (and, for that matter, even each subregion) considered. In the case of exceptions (e.g. Suriname), the authors have conducted fieldwork on the coast of the country they treat. In order to preserve the "on-the-spot" integrity of the volume, it was decided not to fill in the blanks along the world's coastline with library researched chapters. Thus, coverage is variable. Nearly every coastal country in Europe is represented whereas for Africa and South America there are major gaps. In addition, there are 2 instances of overlap. In the case of England (with a shoreline of nearly 3,000 km) a complementary chapter on Lincolnshire (with a shoreline of only 155 km) is included. The other case is the general article on the Baltic Coast of the USSR which is supported by chapters on Estonia and Lithuania.